Skip to Main Content


The spleen is a sponge-like organ, located below the stomach, which can produce red blood cells and store and filter blood. Because these are functions performed primarily by other organs, the body can usually manage quite well without the spleen if it becomes diseased.

A variety of chronic illnesses, such as hereditary spherocytosis or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, may make it necessary to remove your child's spleen. Spleen removal is called splenectomy.

Splenectomy is rarely an emergency and can be scheduled at a time that is convenient for your family. Your child may need immunizations or blood work before the operation. Please check with your child's hematologist (blood specialist) before the surgery.


Spleen disorders are diagnosed and treated by a pediatric hematologist, or blood specialist. There are many methods of diagnosis and treatment, which vary with the specific problem.


Most children can receive a minimally invasive splenectomy, using a small telescope and miniature instruments placed through Band-Aid size incisions on the abdomen. The operation takes about two to three hours.

Your child will stay in the hospital for two to three days. During hospitalization, your child will receive intravenous fluids, antibiotics and pain medication. As soon as your child feels well enough he or she will be allowed to eat, drink and take pain medication orally — usually within two to three days after surgery.

The recovery period is discussed in Splenectomy: Post-Surgery Care.

UCSF Benioff Children's Hospitals medical specialists have reviewed this information. It is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of your child's doctor or other health care provider. We encourage you to discuss any questions or concerns you may have with your child's provider.

Where to get care (2)


Gastroenterology Clinic

Gastroenterology Clinic

San Francisco / Oakland / Brentwood / Fremont / Greenbrae / Los Gatos / ...

limb-lengthening-and-reconstruction-center-320x320-2x 6

General Surgery Clinic

General Surgery Clinic

San Francisco / Oakland / Brentwood / Fremont / San Ramon / Walnut Creek

Recommended reading


Splenectomy: Post-Surgery Care

A splenectomy is a procedure to remove your child's spleen. Explore post-surgical care, including medications, skincare, follow-up appointments and more.

Support services

Child Life

Certified child life specialists ease the stress and anxiety of childhood illness through therapeutic play, schooling and family-focused support.

Family Amenities

Family-friendly amenities help you relax and take care of yourself while staying close to your child. We offer lounges, kitchens, showers, breastfeeding rooms and more.


Glogau Teddy Bear Rescue Fund

Families that need additional assistance during their child's hospital stay have access to toys, hotel vouchers and other amenities. Find out more.


Interpreter Services & Communication Assistance

Interpreter services in many languages and TDDs are available for families that need help communicating with care teams. Here's how to access them.


Social Services

Social workers ease the effect of illness, injury and hospitalization on your family with counseling and assistance to help you navigate the challenges.

Awards & recognition

  • Best in Northern California for gastroenterology & GI surgery

  • Ranked among the nation's best in 10 specialties

Saving future lives

500+ UCSF investigators are researching cures for hundreds of childhood and adult diseases.