Don’t let your asthma limit your activities—Control Your Asthma!
- Follow your Asthma Action Plan and know when and where to get help.
- Take your medicines as prescribed. Do not stop them without talking to your provider.
- Keep track of how many puffs are left in your inhalers so you know when to get a refill.
- If you need albuterol more than 2 days per week or 2 nights per month, your asthma is not controlled! Check your Asthma Action Plan or contact your provider.
- If one canister of albuterol lasts you at least 4 months, your asthma is well controlled.
- Avoid your triggers! Dust, pollen, pets, smoke, illness, stress, colds.
- Contact your provider every 6 months to update your Asthma Action Plan.
How to Use Your Medicines
Inhaler and Spacer Tips: Inhalers with spacers work as well as or better than nebulizers.
- Shake your canister really well.
- Prime your inhaler (see back of this page)
- Always use a spacer
- If using a mouthpiece: Take a slow breath in and hold for 10 seconds.
- If using a mask: Make a good seal around the mouth and nose and breathe in and out 10 times.
- Wait 1 minute between puffs.
- Wait 5 minutes between using your albuterol and controller medication.
- Rinse mouth after use.
- Most of the medication is lost if you try to give "blow by" treatments.
- If using a mask, make sure it is touching the skin around the mouth and nose.
- If using a mouthpiece, make sure the lips are sealed around it.
Common Asthma Triggers
- Infections - most commonly colds/flu from viruses, but also bacteria (sinus infections and/or pneumonia).
- Allergies - to dust, pollens (from grass, trees, and weeds), molds, animals, cockroaches for instance. Food allergies may trigger asthma.
- Exercise or active play - especially running more than 5 minutes.
- Night time - most asthma is worse at 4 a.m. and best at 4 p.m.
- Smoke - tobacco smoke (cigarettes, cigars), fireplace, wood burning stove, incense, and/or barbecue.
- Irritating Fumes/Chemicals - paints, perfumes, detergents, smog or anything with a strong odor may trigger asthma.
- Weather - Cold air and weather changes (changes in temperature and/or humidity).
- Stress/Emotions - emotions don’t cause asthma, but in susceptible people, they may trigger it.
- Acid Reflux (Heartburn) – Acid reflux from the stomach upward into the esophagus may trigger asthma symptoms.
|Priming and Cleaning your Inhaler|
|Medication||Priming||Repriming||When to Reprime||# of puffs||Cleaning|
|ProAir (Albuterol)||3 puffs||3 puffs||2 weeks||200||Rinse plastic actuator with water weekly|
|Flovent (Fluticasone)||4 puffs||1 puffs||7 days/dropped||120||Qtip, No water|
|Qvar (Beclomethasone)||2 puffs||2 puffs||10 days||120||Wipe with tissue, No water|
|Dulera(Mometasone/Formeterol)||4 puffs||4 puffs||5 days||120||Wipe with dry cloth, No water|