Mohammad Diab, MD

Orthopedic surgeon

Dr. Mohammad Diab is an orthopedic surgeon and chief of pediatric orthopedics at UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital. He specializes in treating musculoskeletal conditions in children and teenagers, and residual childhood deformities in young adults. He is especially interested in spinal deformities, including scoliosis (a curvature to one side), kyphosis (an upper back curve that results in a hunched posture) and spondylolisthesis (in which an injured vertebra has slipped onto the vertebra below). He is also an expert in treating hip dysplasia and other hip disorders in children, adolescents and young adults.

Subjects of Diab's research include care for scoliosis and hip deformities. In addition to publishing many studies on pediatric musculoskeletal conditions in peer-reviewed journals, Diab is co-author of Practice of Paediatric Orthopaedics, a standard textbook worldwide.

Diab earned his medical degree from Stanford University. He completed a residency in general orthopedic surgery at the University of Washington and a fellowship in pediatric orthopedic surgery at Harvard University. He came to UCSF in 2002.

Diab is a member of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Medical Association, Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America and Scoliosis Research Society. He held an Academy of Medical Educators chair at UCSF for a decade and now holds the endowed chair in pediatric orthopedic education.

Born in Cairo, Diab completed his early education in the United Kingdom. Rooted in his undergraduate major of classical studies and spurred by his interest in the history of medicine, he wrote a book on medical language, Lexicon of Orthopædic Etymology. Most recently, he has turned his focus to electronic education, developing software applications to help patients navigate their conditions and treatments, as well as an image library of pediatric orthopedic disorders.


Orthopedic Clinic
1825 Fourth St., Fifth Floor, 5B
San Francisco, CA 94158
Phone: (415) 353-2967
Fax: (415) 353-2299

Orthopedic Surgery at Greenbrae
1300 S. Eliseo Dr., Suite 204
Greenbrae, CA 94904
Appointments: (415) 353-2967
Office: (415) 461-4396
Fax: (415) 353-2299

Conditions & Treatments

More about Mohammad Diab


Stanford University School of Medicine 1990


University of Washington, School of Medicine, Orthopaedic Surgery 1997


Harvard University, Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery 1998

Selected Research and Publications

  1. Bryant J, Markes A, Woolridge T, Cerruti D, Dzeng E, Koenig B, Diab M. Concurrent and Overlapping Surgery: Perspectives from Parents of Adolescents Undergoing Spinal Posterior Instrumented Fusion for Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2018 Jun 12.
  2. Theologis AA, Crawford M, Diab M. Ethnic Variation in Satisfaction and Appearance Concerns in Adolescents With Idiopathic Scoliosis Undergoing Posterior Spinal Fusion With Instrumentation. Spine Deform. 2018 Mar - Apr; 6(2):148-155.
  3. Theologis AA, Sing DC, Chekeni F, Diab M. National Trends in the Surgical Management of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Analysis of a National Estimate of 60,108 Children From the National Inpatient Sample Over a 13-Year Time Period in the United States. Spine Deform. 2017 Jan; 5(1):56-65.
  4. Roddy E, Diab M. Rates and risk factors associated with unplanned hospital readmission after fusion for pediatric spinal deformity. Spine J. 2017 03; 17(3):369-379.
  5. Theologis AA, Anaya A, Sabatini C, Sucato DJ, Parent S, Erickson M, Diab M. Surgical Consent of Children and Guardians for the Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis is Incompletely Informed. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Jan; 41(1):53-61.
  6. Theologis AA, Tabaraee E, Lin T, Lubicky J, Diab M. Type of bone graft or substitute does not affect outcome of spine fusion with instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Sep 01; 40(17):1345-51.
  7. Lin C, Diab M, Milojevic D. Grey-scale ultrasound findings of lower extremity entheses in healthy children. Pediatr Rheumatol Online J. 2015 May 06; 13:14.
  8. Whitaker AT, Sharkey M, Diab M. Spinal fusion for scoliosis in patients with globally involved cerebral palsy: an ethical assessment. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 May 06; 97(9):782-7.
  9. Theologis AA, Cahill P, Auriemma M, Betz R, Diab M. Vertebral body stapling in children younger than 10 years with idiopathic scoliosis with curve magnitude of 30° to 39°. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Dec 01; 38(25):E1583-8.
  10. Carreon LY, Sanders JO, Diab M, Polly DW, Diamond BE, Sucato DJ. Discriminative Properties of the Spinal Appearance Questionnaire Compared With the Scoliosis Research Society-22 Revised. Spine Deform. 2013 Sep; 1(5):328-338.
  11. Morse LJ, Kawakami N, Lenke LG, Sucato DJ, Sanders JO, Diab M. Culture and ethnicity influence outcomes of the Scoliosis Research Society Instrument in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 May 20; 37(12):1072-6.
  12. Diab M, Smucny M, Dormans JP, Erickson MA, Ibrahim K, Lenke LG, Sucato DJ, Sanders JO. Use and outcomes of wound drain in spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 May 15; 37(11):966-73.
  13. Auerbach JD, Weidner ZD, Milby AH, Diab M, Lonner BS. Musculoskeletal disorders among spine surgeons: results of a survey of the Scoliosis Research Society membership. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Dec 15; 36(26):E1715-21.
  14. Sanders JO, Diab M, Richards SB, Lenke LG, Johnston CE, Emans JB, Sucato DJ, Erickson MA, Bridwell KH, McCarthy RE, Sarwark JF, Dormans JP. Fixation points within the main thoracic curve: does more instrumentation produce greater curve correction and improved results? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Oct 01; 36(21):E1402-6.
  15. Carreon LY, Sanders JO, Diab M, Sturm PF, Sucato DJ. Patient satisfaction after surgical correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 May 20; 36(12):965-8.
  16. Landman Z, Oswald T, Sanders J, Diab M. Prevalence and predictors of pain in surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 May 01; 36(10):825-9.
  17. Diab M, Landman Z, Lubicky J, Dormans J, Erickson M, Richards BS. Use and outcome of MRI in the surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Apr 15; 36(8):667-71.
  18. Smucny M, Lubicky JP, Sanders JO, Carreon LY, Diab M. Patient self-assessment of appearance is improved more by all pedicle screw than by hybrid constructs in surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Feb 01; 36(3):248-54.
  19. Carreon LY, Sanders JO, Diab M, Sucato DJ, Sturm PF, Glassman SD. The minimum clinically important difference in Scoliosis Research Society-22 Appearance, Activity, And Pain domains after surgical correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Nov 01; 35(23):2079-83.
  20. Dunbar N, Cooke M, Diab M, Toy P. Transfusion-related acute lung injury after transfusion of maternal blood: a case-control study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Nov 01; 35(23):E1322-7.

Publications are derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and provided by UCSF Profiles, a service of the Clinical & Translational Science Institute (CTSI) at UCSF. Researchers can make corrections and additions to their publications by logging on to UCSF Profiles.