A neurological exam is a series of tests to assess the nervous system, which includes the brain, spinal cord and nerves. Also called a neuro exam, it's used to evaluate children and adults for neurological conditions.

Because the nervous system controls so many of the body's functions, a neurological exam has multiple parts. The doctor may focus on certain parts of the exam, depending on your child's symptoms and the type of condition that may be causing them. The doctor will also tailor the exam to your child's age and stage of development.

A pediatric neurologist will typically perform the exam. However, other types of health care providers can also perform neurological exams.