Amniotic Band Syndrome

In mild cases, fetal surgery is not recommended and any complications are treated after birth with reconstructive surgery. However, all cases of amniotic band syndrome should be monitored to make sure the condition doesn't worsen.

More severe cases may be considered for fetal surgery if the risks to the mother and fetus are small. A full evaluation is required before proceeding with fetal surgery, as each case of amniotic band syndrome is unique and there may be additional complications to consider.

Fetal surgery may be offered if the band is wrapped around a limb and causing swelling and obstructed blood flow. During the surgery, fetal surgeons enter the uterus with a small instrument and attempt to cut the band around the limb, either with a laser or a sharp instrument. The UCSF Fetal Treatment Center has successfully released an amniotic band on a patient's leg to avoid an in-utero amputation of the limb.

After birth, the baby may need reconstructive surgery to correct deep constriction grooves, fused fingers or toes, cleft lip or clubbed feet. Surgeries range from minor to complicated, depending on the extent of the deformities.

In most situations, you will be able to discuss your options with a plastic surgeon shortly after birth. If you plan on delivering your child at UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital, we have a very accomplished team of pediatric plastic surgeons who may be able to help.

Reviewed by health care specialists at UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital.

Related Information

UCSF Clinics & Centers

Fetal Treatment Center
1855 Fourth St., Second Floor, Room A-2432
San Francisco, CA 94158
Phone: (800) 793-3887
Fax: (415) 502-0660
Appointment information

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery at Parnassus
400 Parnassus Ave., Sixth Floor, Suite A655
San Francisco, CA 94143-0932
Phone: (415) 353-4201
Fax: (415) 353-4330
Appointment information