At about 6 months of age, you may notice that your baby can sit upright and reach for objects, such as food on the table. When your baby can sit and reach, his or her swallowing and chewing muscles are also maturing and your baby is getting ready for solid foods.
Between 6 and 9 months of age, eating solid foods teaches babies many new things. Babies learn new tastes and textures, how to swallow solid foods and soon, how to feed themselves.
Keep in mind that formula or breast-feeding should remain the main source of nutrition for the first year, when solid foods won't provide many nutrients or calories. Always feed your baby breast milk or formula before offering solid foods.
Also, please do not add cereal or baby foods to your baby's bottle. This doesn't allow your baby to learn how to chew and swallow solids.
Your baby is beginning to need extra iron, so an iron-fortified baby cereal is a good choice for your baby's first solid food. Mix several tablespoons of dry cereal with formula, water or breast milk. The cereal should be smooth and semi-liquid. Use a small spoon to feed your baby. If your baby spits out the cereal, stop the feeding and try again in a few days.
Meals should be a fun, relaxed time for you and your baby to enjoy each other.
You can offer plain cereal for several months, but most parents enjoy giving their babies a variety of new foods.
After introducing a new food, wait four to five days before giving your baby another new food, so you can watch for any allergic reaction. If your baby develops new symptoms such as a skin rash, diarrhea, constipation or vomiting, eliminate the new food from your baby's diet.
When you're ready to offer a new food, choose a vegetable first such as squash, peas or carrots. After your baby is enjoying several different vegetables, you can then try fruit.
Remember that cereal, applesauce and bananas can cause constipation. If your baby becomes constipated, there are several tricks to try:
If your baby eats bananas, you may notice little black threads in your baby's stool. This is just the center part of the banana.
Making your own baby food can save you money. Cook the food well and take out your baby's portion before you add salt, sugar or seasoning. Some vegetables — such as carrots, beets and spinach — have high nitrite levels. Don't make baby food with these vegetables. Baby food manufacturers monitor the nitrite levels in their products.
You can freeze any extra baby food in ice cube trays, to defrost small portions later when needed.
If you buy baby food:
Used with permission of Jane E. Anderson, M.D.
Reviewed by health care specialists at UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital.
This information is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of your doctor or health care provider. We encourage you to discuss with your doctor any questions or concerns you may have.
Pediatrics at Mount Zion
2330 Post St., Suite 320
San Francisco, CA 94143-1660
Phone: (415) 885-7478
Fax: (415) 885-3790
Acute Care After Hours
2330 Post St., Third Floor
San Francisco, CA 94143-0374
Patients of Pediatrics at Mount Zion:
Patients of Primary Care at Laurel Village: (415) 514-6200
Patients of Family Medicine Center at Lakeshore: (415) 353-9339
Patients of Adolescent and Young Adult Clinic: (415) 353-2002