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Robert Lustig, M.D.

Pediatric endocrinologist

Dr. Robert Lustig, a pediatric endocrinologist at UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital, is nationally recognized in the field of neuroendocrinology, with an emphasis on the regulation of energy balance by the central nervous system. He is interested in how biochemical, neural, hormonal and genetic influences contribute to obesity in children and adults. He defined a syndrome of vagally mediated beta-cell hyperactivity that leads to excessive production of insulin and obesity, which may occur in up to 20 percent of the obese population and is treatable with insulin suppression. He also is studying the association between hyperinsulinemia, or the presence of excess insulin in the blood, and cardiovascular disease and is developing methods to evaluate and prevent this in children.

Lustig earned a bachelor's degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and a medical degree from Cornell University Medical College. He completed a pediatric residency at St. Louis Children's Hospital and a clinical fellowship in pediatric endocrinology at UCSF. From there, he spent six years as a postdoctoral fellow in neuroendocrinology at Rockefeller University in New York. Lustig is a professor of clinical pediatrics in the Division of Endocrinology at UCSF.

Clinics

Endocrinology Clinic
400 Parnassus Ave, Second floor
San Francisco, CA 94143
Phone: (415) 353-7337

Weight Assessment for Teen and Child Health Clinic
400 Parnassus Ave, Second Floor
San Francisco, CA 94143
Phone: (415) 353-7337

Conditions & Treatments

More about Robert Lustig

Education

Cornell University Medical College 1980

Residencies

St. Louis Children's Hospital, Pediatrics 1983

Fellowships

UCSF Medical Center, Pediatric Endocrinology 1984
Rockefeller University, Neuroendocrinology 1986

Selected Research and Publications

  1. Kumar RJ, Zhai H, Both S, Tochner Z, Lustig R, Hill-Kayser C. Breast cancer screening for childhood cancer survivors after craniospinal irradiation with protons versus x-rays: a dosimetric analysis and review of the literature. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2013 Aug; 35(6):462-7.
  2. Hill-Kayser C, Tochner Z, Both S, Lustig R, Reilly A, Balamuth N, Womer R, Maris J, Grupp S, Bagatell R. Proton versus photon radiation therapy for patients with high-risk neuroblastoma: the need for a customized approach. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2013 Oct; 60(10):1606-11.
  3. Perito ER, Tsai PM, Hawley S, Lustig RH, Feldstein VA. Targeted hepatic sonography during clinic visits for detection of fatty liver in overweight children: a pilot study. J Ultrasound Med. 2013 Apr; 32(4):637-43.
  4. Perito ER, Rodriguez LA, Lustig RH. Dietary treatment of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2013 Mar; 29(2):170-6.
  5. Lustig RH. Fructose: it's "alcohol without the buzz". Adv Nutr. 2013 Mar; 4(2):226-35.
  6. Basu S, Yoffe P, Hills N, Lustig RH. The relationship of sugar to population-level diabetes prevalence: an econometric analysis of repeated cross-sectional data. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e57873.
  7. Harley KG, Aguilar Schall R, Chevrier J, Tyler K, Aguirre H, Bradman A, Holland NT, Lustig RH, Calafat AM, Eskenazi B. Prenatal and postnatal bisphenol A exposure and body mass index in childhood in the CHAMACOS cohort. Environ Health Perspect. 2013 Apr; 121(4):514-20, 520e1-6.
  8. Weiss R, Bremer AA, Lustig RH. What is metabolic syndrome, and why are children getting it? Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2013 Apr; 1281:123-40.
  9. Volberg V, Harley KG, Aguilar RS, Rosas LG, Huen K, Yousefi P, Davé V, Phan N, Lustig RH, Eskenazi B, Holland N. Associations between perinatal factors and adiponectin and leptin in 9-year-old Mexican-American children. Pediatr Obes. 2013 Dec; 8(6):454-63.
  10. Gupta N, Lustig RH, Kohn MA, Vittinghoff E. Determination of bone age in pediatric patients with Crohn's disease should become part of routine care. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2013 Jan; 19(1):61-5.
  11. Campen CJ, Kranick SM, Kasner SE, Kessler SK, Zimmerman RA, Lustig R, Phillips PC, Storm PB, Smith SE, Ichord R, Fisher MJ. Cranial irradiation increases risk of stroke in pediatric brain tumor survivors. Stroke. 2012 Nov; 43(11):3035-40.
  12. Cooper JS, Zhang Q, Pajak TF, Forastiere AA, Jacobs J, Saxman SB, Kish JA, Kim HE, Cmelak AJ, Rotman M, Lustig R, Ensley JF, Thorstad W, Schultz CJ, Yom SS, Ang KK. Long-term follow-up of the RTOG 9501/intergroup phase III trial: postoperative concurrent radiation therapy and chemotherapy in high-risk squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2012 Dec 1; 84(5):1198-205.
  13. Gupta N, Lustig RH, Kohn MA, Vittinghoff E. Menarche in pediatric patients with Crohn's disease. Dig Dis Sci. 2012 Nov; 57(11):2975-81.
  14. Bereket A, Kiess W, Lustig RH, Muller HL, Goldstone AP, Weiss R, Yavuz Y, Hochberg Z. Hypothalamic obesity in children. Obes Rev. 2012 Sep; 13(9):780-98.
  15. Tomiyama AJ, Schamarek I, Lustig RH, Kirschbaum C, Puterman E, Havel PJ, Epel ES. Leptin concentrations in response to acute stress predict subsequent intake of comfort foods. Physiol Behav. 2012 Aug 20; 107(1):34-9.
  16. Lustig RH. Diabetes and dietary fibre: directive or distraction? Clin Experiment Ophthalmol. 2012 Apr; 40(3):230-1.
  17. Bremer AA, Mietus-Snyder M, Lustig RH. Toward a unifying hypothesis of metabolic syndrome. Pediatrics. 2012 Mar; 129(3):557-70.
  18. Lustig RH, Schmidt LA, Brindis CD. Public health: The toxic truth about sugar. Nature. 2012 Feb 2; 482(7383):27-9.
  19. Rhodes ET, Goran MI, Lieu TA, Lustig RH, Prosser LA, Songer TJ, Weigensberg MJ, Weinstock RS, Gonzalez T, Rawluk K, Zoghbi RM, Ludwig DS, Laffel LM. Health-related quality of life in adolescents with or at risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Pediatr. 2012 Jun; 160(6):911-7.
  20. Bremer AA, Lustig RH. Effects of sugar-sweetened beverages on children. Pediatr Ann. 2012 Jan; 41(1):26-30.

Publications are derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and provided by UCSF Profiles, a service of the Clinical & Translational Science Institute (CTSI) at UCSF. Researchers can make corrections and additions to their publications by logging on to UCSF Profiles.